The Three P's

        PREPARE for the Trip,

                PROTECT Yourself, and;

                        PREVENT crashes on the road




Maintain Your Car:

         Is your battery good?

         Tires? Tread okay? Do you need snow tires?

         See and be seen -- keep your windows clear of snow

         Put no-freeze fluid in the washer reservoir

         Check your cooling system's antifreeze  


Have On Hand:


         Jumper cables

         Abrasive material (like sand, kitty litter, traction mats, even floor mats)


         Warning devices

         Blankets (or floor mats and newspapers)

         Snow Brush/Ice Scraper


Long Trips? Add:





         Cell phone


Stopped or Stalled?

         Stay with your car

     Don't over exert

         Put bright marker on antenna/in windows/shine dome light

         Clear exhaust pipe, if you run your car

         Run your car just long enough to remove the chill


Plan Your Route

         Be familiar with the maps/directions to avoid confusion

         Check the weather reports and adjust starting time

         Let others know how you are coming and when you'll arrive


New to Cold Weather Driving? Practice!

         In a wide open snow or ice-covered parking lot, during daylight hours, rehearse slow driving maneuvers

         Steer into a skid

         Know what your brakes will do

o        with antilock brakes, stomp and steer

o        without ABS, pump the brakes to avoid wheel lock-up

         Slow down. Stopping distances are longer on water-covered ice and ice

         Don't be tempted to start your car in enclosed space or idle for a long time with the windows up.



         Buckle up

         Use child safety seats properly

         Never place a rear-facing seat in front of an air bag

         The safest place for all children 12 and under is in the back seat

         Sit back 10 inches from an air bag



         As Always: drugs and alcohol don't mix with driving -- it is worse on slippery roads

         Slow down and increase distances between cars

         Keep your eyes open for pedestrians walking in the road

         Get plenty of rest/Avoid fatigue

         Stop every three hours

         Rotate drivers